Home > Blossary: Antihypertensive drugs
More than one in three adults worldwide have raised blood pressure – a condition that causes around half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. It is considered directly responsible for 7.5 million deaths in 2004 – almost 13% of all global deaths. In nearly all high-income countries, widespread diagnosis and treatment with low-cost medication have led to a dramatic drop in mean blood pressure across populations – and this has contributed to a reduction in deaths from heart disease.

Category: Health

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Created by: marija.horvat

Number of Blossarys: 21

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Vasodilatators act directly on the smooth muscle of arteries to relax their walls so blood can move more easily through them; they are only used in hypertensive emergencies or when other drugs have ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics are among the most commonly used antihypertensives and have been available for over 50 years. However, the mechanism by which these drugs chronically lower blood ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Renin inhibitors produce vasodilation by inhibiting the activity of renin, which is responsible for stimulating angiotensin II formation. Renin is a proteolytic enzyme that is released by the kidneys ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Potassium-sparing diuretics are diuretics which do not promote the secretion of potassium into the urine; thus, potassium is retained and not lost as much as with other diuretics. The term ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Osmotic diuretics cause water to be retained within the proximal tubule and descending limb of loop of Henle (freely permeable to water). These compounds are filtered in the glomerulus, but cannot be ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Loop diuretics are diuretics that act at the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney. They are primarily used in medicine to treat hypertension and edema often due to congestive heart failure or renal ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

Hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, is a condition in which the arteries have persistently elevated blood pressure. Every time the human heart beats, it pumps blood to the whole ...

Domain: Health care; Category: Pharmacy

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HeadErika

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04:59, 2 June 2022
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